The Convective Precipitation Experiment (COPE): Investigating the Origins of Heavy Precipitation in the Southwestern United Kingdom

Leon, David C. ; French, Jeffrey R. ; Lasher-Trapp, Sonia ; Blyth, Alan M. ; Abel, Steven J. ; Ballard, Susan ; Barrett, Andrew ; Bennett, Lindsay J. ; Bower, Keith ; Brooks, Barbara ; Brown, Phil ; Charlton-Perez, Cristina ; Choularton, Thomas ; Clark, Peter ; Collier, Chris ; Crosier, Jonathan ; Cui, Zhiqiang ; Dey, Seonaid ; Dufton, David ; Eagle, Chloe ; Flynn, Michael J. ; Gallagher, Martin ; Halliwell, Carol ; Hanley, Kirsty ; Hawkness-Smith, Lee ; Huang, Yahui ; Kelly, Graeme ; Kitchen, Malcolm ; Korolev, Alexei ; Lean, Humphrey ; Liu, Zixia ; Marsham, John ; Moser, Daniel ; Nicol, John ; Norton, Emily G. ; Plummer, David ; Price, Jeremy ; Ricketts, Hugo ; Roberts, Nigel ; Rosenberg, Phil D. ; Simonin, David ; Taylor, Jonathan W. ; Warren, Robert ; Williams, Paul I. ; Young, Gillian

Année de publication
2016
Résumé
The Convective Precipitation Experiment (COPE) was a joint U.K.–U.S. field campaign held during the summer of 2013 in the southwest peninsula of England, designed to study convective clouds that produce heavy rain leading to flash floods. The clouds form along convergence lines that develop regularly as a result of the topography. Major flash floods have occurred in the past, most famously at Boscastle in 2004. It has been suggested that much of the rain was produced by warm rain processes, similar to some flash floods that have occurred in the United States. The overarching goal of COPE is to improve quantitative convective precipitation forecasting by understanding the interactions of the cloud microphysics and dynamics and thereby to improve numerical weather prediction (NWP) model skill for forecasts of flash floods. Two research aircraft, the University of Wyoming King Air and the U.K. BAe 146, obtained detailed in situ and remote sensing measurements in, around, and below storms on several days. A new fast-scanning X-band dual-polarization Doppler radar made 360° volume scans over 10 elevation angles approximately every 5 min and was augmented by two Met Office C-band radars and the Chilbolton S-band radar. Detailed aerosol measurements were made on the aircraft and on the ground. This paper i) provides an overview of the COPE field campaign and the resulting dataset, ii) presents examples of heavy convective rainfall in clouds containing ice and also in relatively shallow clouds through the warm rain process alone, and iii) explains how COPE data will be used to improve high-resolution NWP models for operational use.

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