Microclimate changes in a spruce stand and meadow ecosystem during a solar eclipse in the Czech Republic

Nezval, Ondrej ; Pavelka, Marian

Année de publication
2017
Résumé
The objective of this article is to verify the effects of a sudden, short-term change in radiation conditions on microclimatic characteristics within differing ecosystems (forest and meadow) during a partial solar eclipse in spring 2015. During the phenomenon, changes were detected in all measured parameters: global radiation, short-wave radiation, air temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed and direction. It can generally be stated that changes in the meadow and at the free-standing climatological station were more considerable than were those in the enclosed forest stand, where the microclimate was more stable. It can be further stated that even a partial solar eclipse has a substantial effect on microclimatic characteristics in various ecosystem types.

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