The Dynamics-Aerosol-Chemistry-Cloud Interactions in West Africa Field Campaign: Overview and Research Highlights

Flamant, C. ; Knippertz, P. ; Fink, A. H. ; Akpo, A. ; Brooks, B. ; Chiu, C. J. ; Coe, H. ; Danuor, S. ; Evans, M. ; Jegede, O. ; Kalthoff, N. ; Konaré, A. ; Liousse, C. ; Lohou, F. ; Mari, C. ; Schlager, H. ; Schwarzenboeck, A. ; Adler, B. ; Amekudzi, L. ; Aryee, J. ; Ayoola, M. ; Batenburg, A. M. ; Bessardon, G. ; Borrmann, S. ; Brito, J. ; Bower, K. ; Burnet, Frédéric ; Catoire, V. ; Colomb, A. ; Denjean, Cyrielle ; Fosu-Amankwah, K. ; Hill, P. G. ; Lee, J. ; Lothon, M. ; Maranan, M. ; Marsham, J. ; Meynadier, R. ; Ngamini, J.-B. ; Rosenberg, P. ; Sauer, D. ; Smith, V. ; Stratmann, G. ; Taylor, J. W. ; Voigt, C. ; Yoboué, V.

Année de publication
The European Union (EU)-funded project Dynamics-Aerosol-Chemistry-Cloud Interactions in West Africa (DACCIWA) investigates the relationship between weather, climate, and air pollution in southern West Africa-an area with rapid population growth, urbanization, and an increase in anthropogenic aerosol emissions. The air over this region contains a unique mixture of natural and anthropogenic gases, liquid droplets, and particles, emitted in an environment in which multilayer clouds frequently form. These exert a large influence on the local weather and climate, mainly owing to their impact on radiation, the surface energy balance, and thus the diurnal cycle of the atmospheric boundary layer. In June and July 2016, DACCIWA organized a major international field campaign in Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Nigeria. Three supersites in Kumasi, Savè, and Ile-Ife conducted permanent measurements and 15 intensive observation periods. Three European aircraft together flew 50 research flights between 27 June and 16 July 2016, for a total of 155 h. DACCIWA scientists launched weather balloons several times a day across the region (772 in total), measured urban emissions, and evaluated health data. The main objective was to build robust statistics of atmospheric composition, dynamics, and low-level cloud properties in various chemical landscapes to investigate their mutual interactions. This article presents an overview of the DACCIWA field campaign activities as well as some first research highlights. The rich data obtained during the campaign will be made available to the scientific community and help to advance scientific understanding, modeling, and monitoring of the atmosphere over southern West Africa.
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