Development of Surface Drifting Buoys for Fiducial Reference Measurements of Sea-Surface Temperature

Développement de bouées dérivantes de surface pour des mesures de référence fidèles de la température de la surface de la mer

Le Menn, Marc ; Poli, Paul ; David, Arnaud ; Sagot, Jérôme ; Lucas, Marc ; O'Carroll, Anne ; Belbeoch, Mathieu ; Herklotz, Kai

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<p align=justify>This paper presents the conception and the metrological characterization of a new surface drifting buoy, designed to comply with the requirements of satellite sea-surface temperature (SST) measurement validation and to link, per comparison, these measurements to the SI. The reliability of this comparison is ensured by a High Resolution Sea-Surface Temperature (HRSST) sensor associated with a pressure sensor in a module called MoSens. This module can be calibrated in a laboratory to ensure traceability to the SI with an expanded uncertainty inferior to 0.01°C. This paper estimates the response time of the HRSST sensor based on theoretical considerations and compares the results with measurements carried out in a calibration bath. Once integrated in a number of buoys, the resulting network will contribute to create a fiducial reference measurement (FRM) network. The pressure sensor can be used as an indicator of the sea-state, which is important to consider in order to understand the comparison with satellite data. Two buoy prototypes have been tested at sea during several weeks and compared in situ to reference thermometers, demonstrating their reliability and the trueness of temperature measurements.</p>
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