Global flash flood guidance. Implementation of a successful multidecadal research-to-operations effort

The Flash Flood Guidance System Implementation Worldwide: A Successful Multidecadal Research-to-Operations Effort

Georgakakos, Konstantine P. ; Modrick, Theresa M. ; Shamir, Eylon ; Campbell, Rochelle ; Cheng, Zhengyang ; Jubach, Robert ; Sperfslage, Jason A. ; Spencer, Cristopher R. ; Banks, Randall

Année de publication
<p align=justify>At the beginning of the twenty-first century a research-to-operations program was initiated to design and develop operational systems to support local forecasters in their challenging task to provide advance warning for flash floods worldwide. Twenty-some years later, the Flash Flood Guidance System with global coverage provides real-time assessment and guidance products to more than 60 countries, serving nearly 3 billion people. The implementation domains cover a wide range of hydroclimatological, geomorphological, and land-use regimes worldwide. This flexible and evolving system combines meteorology and hydrology data and concepts as well as supports product utility for flash flood disaster mitigation on very large scales with high spatial and temporal resolution. Through quality control procedures, it integrates remotely sensed data of land surface precipitation and of land surface properties from geostationary and polar-orbiting satellite platforms, reflectivity data from a variety of weather radar systems, and asynchronous precipitation data from ground-based automated precipitation gauges in order to produce assessments and short-term forecasts that support forecasters and disaster managers in real time. For each region, it also integrates mesoscale meteorological model forecasts with land surface model response to produce longer-term guidance products. It contains components and interfaces that allow real-time forecaster adjustments to products based on local last-minute field information and relevant forecaster experience. Assessments of utility for flash flood warning operations by national forecasting agencies worldwide are positive. The article exemplifies the process of realization and evolution of the Flash Flood Guidance System (FFGS) from research in interdisciplinary fields to operations in diverse environments, and discusses lessons learned.</p>

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