Case Study of a Mesospheric Temperature Inversion over Maïdo Observatory through a Multi-Instrumental Observation

Chane Ming, Fabrice ; Hauchecorne, Alain ; Bellisario, Christophe ; Simoneau, Pierre ; Keckhut, Philippe ; Trémoulu, Samuel ; Listowski, Constantino ; Berthet, Gwenaël ; Jégou, Fabrice ; Khaykin, Sergey ; Tidiga, Mariam ; Le Pichon, Alexis

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<p align=justify>The dynamic vertical coupling in the middle and lower thermosphere (MLT) is documented over the Maïdo observatory at La Réunion island (21°S, 55°E). The investigation uses data obtained in the framework of the Atmospheric dynamics Research InfraStructure in Europe (ARISE) project. In particular, Rayleigh lidar and nightglow measurements combined with other observations and modeling provide information on a mesospheric inversion layer (MIL) and the related gravity waves (GWs) on 9 and 10 October 2017. A Rossby wave breaking (RWB) produced instabilities in the sheared background wind and a strong tropospheric activity of GWs on 9-11 October above La Réunion. The MIL was observed on the night of 9 October when a large amount of tropospheric GWs propagated upward into the middle atmosphere and disappeared on 11 October when the stratospheric zonal wind filtering became a significant blocking. Among other results, dominant mesospheric GW modes with vertical wavelengths of about 4-6 km and 10-13 km can be traced down to the troposphere and up to the mesopause. Dominant GWs with a wavelength of ~2-3 km and 6 km also propagated upward and eastward from the tropospheric source into the stratosphere on 9-11 October. Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) temperature and OH profiles indicate that GW activity in the middle atmosphere affects the upper atmosphere with waves breaking at heights below the MIL and in the mesopause. Several techniques are illustrated on nightglow images to access GW activity and spectral characteristics at the mesopause for high and low frequency GWs on the nights of 9-10 October. In conclusion, intense tropospheric activity of GWs induced by RWB events can be linked with MILs at the subtropical barrier in the South-West Indian Ocean during austral winter.</p>
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